Data from Oklahoma's Immunization Registry Helps Shape CDC Policy on Polio Vaccine
- Annual birth cohort: 49,400
- Geographic area: State of Oklahoma
- Legislation: None
- Percentage of immunizations given in the private sector: 42 percent
- Other sources of funding: Federal
Shaping National Immunization Policy
In 1999, the Oklahoma immunization registry, OSIIS, helped shape the CDC's Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendation on the use of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) rather than oral polio vaccine (OPV). OSIIS data included a large set of immunization providers and a large proportion of the population (458 facilities reporting; 78,444 children born from Jan. 1, 1996 to June 30, 1998 with immunization records in the registry; one-third of children from private providers, representing approximately 70 percent of the population in the birth cohort). OSIIS was able to set up data queries to allow the analysis of the percentage of birth cohort receiving IPV versus OPV as first and second polio dose. The data demonstrated that providers rapidly adopted the IPV as the first polio dose and ameliorated concern that the implementation of the ACIP recommendation might lead to deferral of other vaccines, and thereby decrease coverage for other recommended vaccines. Data from the registry showed no delays and, in fact, demonstrated that children who received IPV as their first polio dose were more likely to be up-to-date. The analysis was instrumental in shaping the ACIP decision to adopt an all-IPV recommendation.
GRANT DETAILS & CONTACT INFORMATION
Oklahoma State Immunization Information System (OSIIS)
State of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State Department of Health (Oklahoma City, OK)
Dates: February 1998 to May 2000
Edd D. Rhoades, M.D., M.P.H.
Program Director: David A. Ross, Sc.D.
Former Program Director: William H. Foege, M.D., M.P.H. (December 1991 through July 1997)
Former Program Director: William C. Watson, Jr., M.P.A. (August 1997 through July 2001)